Baldcypress
Name: Luo Yusong (scientific name: Taxodium distichium);
Type: cork;
Alias: cypress (Cypress), South Kashiwagi (Southern Cypress), Cows Cypress, pond cypress (Pond Cypress), swamp cypress Swamp Cypress, cedar Red Cypress, Cork Yellow Cypress, white cedar White Cypress, black cypress Black Cypress and Bay Bo Gulf Cypress;
Distribution area: Eastern United States;
Appearance: The overall grain is straight, the structure is rough, some have resin; the heartwood has various colors, from light yellow, brown to black; the sapwood is light yellow and white; the specific wood has great differences in color, weight and durability;
Physical properties: the material is generally light, low or medium hardness; medium strength; not easy to change; good corrosion resistance (especially old wood);
Processing performance: It can be processed by hand tools and machining. It has good performance in opening and nailing, and good adhesive performance. The matte feels comfortable and gives an excellent surface after polishing;
Uses: Mainly used in outdoor buildings due to its high corrosion resistance. It is also used in barrels, sashes, door panels, mills, containers, silos, storage of corrosive chemicals, shipbuilding, stadium seats, boxes and crates.
Remarks: Locally grown fungi often have a spot-like effect on the surface.

True Cedar
Name: True Cedar (scientific name: Cedrus spp.);
Type: cork;
Alias: Cedar of Lebanon, Atlantic Cedar, Atlas Cedar and Deodar Cedar;
Distribution area: North Africa, Middle East and India;
Appearance: mostly straight lines, fine texture, but more Atlantic cedar and Lebanese cedar trees; heartwood is light brown, with lipid secretions, sapwood is lighter;
Physical properties: moderate weight; low seismic performance, low hardness, low strength; stable and non-deformable; good corrosion resistance of heartwood;
Processing performance: good manual or mechanical processing performance, but the tree knot and the growing bark are more difficult to handle; the opening and adhesive properties are good, the nail holding performance is also good, and a better surface can be obtained after sanding;
Uses: High-grade cedar is used for ordinary furniture, fine wood furniture, doors, wood components for indoor connection, and low-grade for houses, bridge construction, pavement laying, outdoor equipment, and other for paneling and decoration. board.

Parana Pine
Name: Paranasone (scientific name: Araucaria angustifolia);
Type: cork;
Alias: Brazilian Pine;
Distribution area: South America, mainly distributed in the state of Perana in Brazil;
Appearance: elegant wood, straight wood grain, fine material; honey yellow, the annual ring is very fuzzy;
Physical properties: strength, hardness and similar to American yellow pine, but better processing performance; moderate bending strength and compressive strength; low toughness, seismic performance and corrosion resistance; good durability, not easy to deform, but if the wood is not completely dry, There will be serious distortions;
Processing performance: adhesive, easy surface treatment; nails, opening performance is very good;
Uses: Stairs, wood, sash, doors, cabinetry, vehicle parts, furniture, turning products, engineering construction, glued veneer and pulp.

Eastern White Pine
Name: Eastern White Pine (scientific name: Pinus strobus);
Type: cork;
Alias: White Pine, Northern White Pine, Northern Pine,
American Weymouth pine, Quebec Yellow, Cork Pine, and pumpkin pine;
Distribution area: Canada, Mexico and the United States;
Appearance: Straight wood grain, fine texture; heartwood is milky white, light yellow or light brown, sapwood is milky white, yellowing with increasing age;
Physical properties: weak material, light weight, low corrosion resistance and seismic performance; poor steam bending performance; excellent durability, not easy to warp and deform;
Processability: easy to use most mechanical or hand tools, but the turning performance is strong; the engraving performance is very good; the nailing and opening performance is good, no need to pre-fill the pores with filler; glued, colored and painted The performance is good, it is recommended to coat the bottom layer with varnish to avoid leakage and staining during coloring;
Uses: engraving and sculpture, mill utensils, panes, doors, wood, paneling, cabinetry, general furniture, toys, crafts, musical instrument components, jewelry boxes, boxes, bats, veneers, dowels and templates And many other uses.

Ponderosa Pine
Name: American yellow pine (scientific name: Pinus ponderosa);
Type: cork;
Alias: Western Ponderosa (Western Yellow Pine), White Pine, California (California White Pine), Elegangsong (Oregon Pine), screen pattern pine (Bird's Eye Pine), multi-junction pine (Knotty Pine), mountain pine (Prickly Pine), Blackjack Pine and Pitch Pine;
Distribution area: mainly grown in the western United States and southern British Columbia (Canada), the most widely distributed pine in North America;
Appearance: Straight wood grain, sometimes with mat structure (uneven color), medium porosity; usually with obvious dark oily stripes, more knots but not weird; heartwood is light reddish brown, sapwood Range light, color near white or light yellow;
Physical properties: light weight, soft, low strength, low seismic resistance; medium to low toughness, low corrosion resistance, poor steam bending performance; good durability, not easy to deform;
Processability: Easy to use mechanical or hand tools, although oily secretions may stick to the tool; good performance in planing, turning, molding, cutting and picking; easy to glue, nail and open, Slight cracking may occur; coloring and surface treatment are better, but undercoating may be required to avoid resin spillage, especially in areas close to the knot;
Uses: including: boxes, crates, mills, construction, turning products (railings, porch columns, dowels), jewelry boxes, furniture, formwork, boxes, toys, pillars, stakes, panels and plywood.

Southern Yellow Pine
Name: Southern Yellow Pine (scientific name: Pinus spp.);
Type: cork;
Alias: Commercial wood sold includes a variety of different categories, such as: Longleaf Pine, Loblolly, Slash Pine, and Shortleaf Pine;
Distribution area: southern and southeastern United States;
Appearance: usually straight, but the texture is uneven, the structure is loose; the sap is light yellowish white, and the heartwood is reddish brown, orange or yellow;
Physical properties: medium weight, medium hardness, good toughness; medium strength, moderate seismic performance, medium durability (generally not easily deformed), medium corrosion resistance;
Processability: easy to use mechanical or hand tools, although oily secretions may stick to the tool; good adhesive properties; good performance in opening and nailing, sometimes need to fill the pores with filler beforehand to avoid chipping; Lacquering and polishing are easy, but leakage of oily materials can cause trouble;
Uses: structural wood, engineering plywood, construction, boxes, baskets, crates, barrels, wooden shovel, mill tools, wooden tools, handicrafts, shipbuilding and areas where hardness and wear resistance are required.

Lambes Pine (Sugar Pine)
Name: Lambert's Pine (Sugar Pine) (scientific name: Pinus lambertiana);
Type: cork;
Alias: Big Pine, Gigantic Pine, and Shade Pine;
Distribution area: Western United States, mainly distributed in California and Oregon, is the most spectacular pine;
Appearance: Straight wood grain, uniform texture, relatively thick structure; heartwood light brown or reddish brown, sapwood milky white; with a unique dark brown catheter containing resin;
Physical properties: light and soft material; low strength, shock resistance, low toughness; good durability and low corrosion resistance;
Processing performance: easy to use mechanical or hand tool processing, the processing can be described as a kind of enjoyment, the wood will make the full room full of fragrance when processing; nails, opening performance is good, not easy to break; adhesive, sanding easy; , lacquering, surface treatment performance is better, but high fat content may form a turpentine oil bottom layer and affect the smooth completion of processing;
Uses: boxes, crates, sashes, doors, pedestals, general mill tools, building construction, exterior wall panels, wall panels, engraving, casting templates, signs, piano keys, organ pipes, panels and plywood.

Western White Pine
Name: Western White Pine (scientific name: Pinus monticola);
Type: cork;
Alias: Idaho White Pine, Mountain Pine, White Pine, Silver Pine;
Distribution area: Western United States and Canada;
Appearance: Straight wood grain, uniform texture, medium and coarse structure; white heart or reddish brown heart, dark color when exposed, sapwood yellowish white; appearance is similar to eastern white pine;
Physical properties: light weight, soft, medium toughness; low strength and shock resistance, medium to low corrosion resistance; good durability, not easy to warp and deform;
Machining performance: It is very good in general processing such as turning and planing with manual or mechanical tools; excellent steam bending performance; good adhesive performance; good performance of nailing and opening; no need to fill the pores with filler beforehand; Good surface treatment such as coloring, but uneven spots may appear when coloring;
Uses: construction, boxes, crates, matches, sculptures, formwork, mill tools, fixed wood structures, jewelry boxes, panels and plywood.

Douglas-Fir
Name: Douglas Fir (scientific name: Pseudotsuga menziesii);
Type: cork;
Alias: Douglas fir (Douglas Spruce), Douglas Douglas fir seaside (Coast Douglas-fir), Douglas yew (Douglas Yew), Elegangsong (Oregon Pine), purple fruit fir (Red Fir) and Sequoia (Red Spruce);
Distribution area: Western United States, Canada, transplanted to the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand; it accounts for 10% of the coastal forests of British Columbia, Canada. Among the coastal species, its tree is the tallest and tallest, with a height of 35 to 55 meters and a diameter of 120 cm.
Appearance: generally flat wood grain, sometimes mixed with wavy texture, medium structure or rough structure; heartwood light yellow or orange red, sapwood white or pan reddish; generally few tree knots;
Physical properties: Due to different varieties, there are large differences in color, weight, strength and processing properties; in general, moderate weight, medium or high strength; medium impact resistance, high hardness, and some fragile (steam bending) Poor performance);
Processing performance: easy to machine, manual processing requires the use of sharper tools; good turning performance, good performance in opening and nailing; easy to glue, easy to paint and paint, but poor adhesion of paint;
Uses: plywood, paneling, wood, barrels, containers, ribs (for wooden boats), silos, buttons, joists, laminated beams and laminated arch beams, boxes, crates, wooden shovel and floor .
Remarks: It is one of the most important woods in the field of construction splints.

European Larch (European Larch)
Name: European larch (scientific name: Larix decidua);
Type: cork;
Alias: Common Larch, Lark, and Tamarack;
Distribution area: Europe, Southeast Asia;
Appearance: generally straight wood grain, occasional spiral, texture is neat and fine; heartwood is light red or brick red, sapwood is narrow, pale yellow, and the annual rings are neat and tidy;
Physical properties: medium weight and hardness; medium toughness, flexural strength, compressive strength and corrosion resistance; good durability;
Processability: easy to use manual and mechanical processing, but the knot may cause wear and tear on the tool and cause wood to break; easy to glue, need to fill the pores with filler before nailing and opening; performance of coloring, painting and polishing Good
Uses: public piles, pit support brackets and standard piles, also used to make ship plates, floors, bridge construction, railway sleepers, wooden components for outdoor connection, wooden shoes, shingles, exterior wall panels, wood ornaments, stairs Handrails, plywood, paneling and decorative veneers.
Note: It is very similar to the properties of Japanese larch.

Western Larch (Western Larch)
Name: Western Larch (scientific name: Larix occidentalis);
Type: cork;
Alias: Larch, Tamarack, Western Tamarack, Hackmatack, Montana larch, and Mountain Larch;
Distribution area: British Columbia (Canada), Northwestern United States, is the most important species of larch;
Appearance: the wood grain is straight, the structure is rough, there is lipid secretion; the heartwood is reddish brown, the sapwood is light yellowish white;
Physical properties: medium weight and hardness; high toughness, flexural strength, compressive strength and moderate corrosion resistance; one of the woods with high hardness, strength and weight in cork, good durability (not easily deformed);
Processing performance: good processing performance, but more lignocellulosic, may cause difficulty in planing; good turning, stretching, drilling performance; good adhesive properties, good nailing and opening properties, but it is recommended to fill the pores with filler To avoid chipping; it is recommended to apply a primer before applying surface treatment such as coloring;
Uses: engineering wood, interior decoration, sash, floor, door, box, crates, wooden shovel, wooden barrel, veneer, plywood and glulam. Its performance is similar to that of Douglas-fir and is often promoted and sold under the name "Doug fir-Larch".

Fir (Balsam Fir)
Name: Fir (scientific name: Abies balsamea);
Type: cork;
Alias: Fir, Canadian Fir, Eastern Fir, and Bracted Balsam Fir;
Distribution area: the eastern half of the United States, Canada;
Appearance: the wood grain is straight, the texture width is medium or fine; the heartwood and the sapwood are more difficult to distinguish, and the whole is milky or light brown;
Physical properties: light weight, soft and soft, low strength, shock resistance and corrosion resistance;
Processing performance: easy to use manual or mechanical processing; good adhesion, opening, nailing, coloring, painting and polishing;
Uses: Mainly used for general construction, but also for making boxes, crates, panes, doors, wood, plywood and pulp.

White Fir
Name: White fir (scientific name: Abies concolor);
Type: cork;
Alias: Western Fir, Concolor Fir, Colorado Fir, Silver Fir, Lows Fir, and White Balsam;
Distribution area: one of the six commercial firs grown in the western United States, the other five are Subalpine Fir, California Red Fir, Grand Fir, Noble Fir And Pacific Silver Fir;
Appearance: The wood grain is basically straight, very uniform, medium or thick; the heartwood is white or yellowish brown, and the boundary with the sapwood is not obvious;
Physical properties: light weight, soft, general hardness; low strength, seismic performance, corrosion resistance;
Processing performance: good performance by hand or machining, easy to turn; excellent performance in bonding, nailing and opening; good performance in coloring, painting and polishing;
Uses: Mainly used for general construction, but also for making boxes, crates, panes, doors, wood, plywood and pulp.

Eastern Hemlock
Name: Eastern Hemlock (scientific name: Tsuga canadensis);
Type: cork;
Alias: Hemlock, Canadian Hemlock, and Hemlock Spruce;
Distribution area: Northeastern United States, Eastern Canada;
Appearance: the texture is uneven, usually with a spiral texture; the structure is medium or thick; the heartwood is light yellow or light brown, and the boundary with the sapwood is not obvious;
Physical properties: light and soft; low hardness, flexural strength, compressive strength, shock resistance and corrosion resistance;
Processing performance: Although the wood is brittle, the mechanical or manual processing performance is general; the adhesive performance is good; it is recommended to fill the pores with filler before nailing and opening to avoid chipping; good performance of coloring, painting, sanding and polishing ;
Uses: Mainly used in construction, but also in the production of boxes, crates, wooden shovel, wooden barrels, shingles, siding and pulp.

Western Hemlock
Name: Western hemlock (scientific name: Tsuga heterophylla);
Type: cork;
Alias: Hemlock and Pacific Hemlock;
Distribution area: western United States, Canada;
Appearance: straight wood grain, uniform texture; medium or thick structure; overall yellowish brown, heartwood is not obvious;
Physical properties: light and soft material; medium hardness, bending strength, compressive strength and steam bending performance; low seismic performance and corrosion resistance; good durability, not easy to warp and deform;
Processability: easy to use mechanical or hand tool processing (slightly easier to process than eastern hemlock); good performance in coloring, painting, sanding and polishing; good adhesive performance, it is recommended to use filler before nailing and opening Filled pores (slightly better resistance to fragmentation than eastern hemlock);
Uses: Mainly used in building construction, also used in the production of indoor and outdoor joinery, doors, floors, vehicle base parts, turning products, broom handles, boxes, crates, wooden shovel, furniture, ladders, plywood, paneling, Plywood and pulp.

Kauri Pine
Name: Kauri (scientific name: Agathis spp.);
Type: cork;
Alias: New Zealand Kauri (New Zealand Kauri), Queensland kauri (Queensland Kauri), Fiji kauri (Fijian Kauri), East India Kauri (East Indian kauri);
Distribution areas: Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea, Malaysia and certain Pacific islands;
Appearance: Straight wood grain, fine and smooth texture; heartwood is light reddish brown or deep reddish brown;
Physical properties: medium weight, high seismic resistance, high toughness; medium or high strength (considered to be one of the most strong cork clocks in the world); good durability, not easy to warp and deform;
Processability: Good processing performance by hand or machine tool, good wood for turning; good performance in opening, nailing, gluing and surface treatment;
Uses: large barrels, cylinders, wooden machinery, rigs, construction, connecting wood components, fine wood furniture, grease containers, blenders and stencils, some cheap low-grade wood for making plywood, boxes And crates.

Eastern Redcedar
Name: Eastern Red Shirt (scientific name: Juniperus virginiana);
Type: cork;
Alias: Juniper, Red Juniper, Eastern Juniper, Red Cedar, Savin, and Pencil Cedar;
Distribution area: the eastern half of North America;
Appearance: Straight wood grain, neat texture, uniform and fine; sapwood is milky white, heartwood is reddish or lavender, with darker red or reddish brown as the age of the tree increases; usually more knots;
Physical properties: medium weight, hardness, strength; low toughness, high corrosion resistance, good durability, not easy to warp and deform;
Machinability: It is easy to process by hand or machine tool. It is an ideal wood for engraving or cutting. Small and hard tree knots sometimes cause trouble during the planing process. Good adhesive properties can be obtained after treatment. Glossy surface
Uses: Used in the production of pencils, now mainly used for wooden stakes (markers), but also for cabinets, closets, crafts, buckets, shingles, rigs and other outdoor appliances.

Western Red Cedar (Western Redcedar)
Name: Western Redwood (Red Cliff) (scientific name: Thuja plicata);
Type: cork;
Alias: Arborvitae, Giant Arborvitae, Giant Cedar, Canoe Cedar, Pacific Red Cedar, and Shinglewood;
Distribution area: western United States, Canada;
Appearance: straight wood grain, neat texture, rough structure; heartwood is peach brown or dark brown, sapwood is nearly white;
Physical properties: light material, medium hardness, low strength, low seismic performance, very good corrosion resistance; good durability, not easy to deform; poor steam bending performance;
Machinability: Good performance in car, chisel and cutting with manual or mechanical tools; satisfactory performance for gluing, nailing and boring; good surface after treatment, its natural luster is particularly eye-catching ;
Uses: Due to its good corrosion resistance, it will be broken in long-term use. It is generally used to make shingles. It is also used to make poles, columns, boxes, crates, jewelry boxes, exterior wall panels, rigs, columns, Saunas, canoes and decorative veneers. It is one of the best outdoor softwoods in the United States.

Redwood (Redwood)
Name: Redwood (North American Sequoia) (scientific name: Sequoia sempervirens);
Type: cork;
Alias: California Redwood, Coast Redwood, Sempervirens, Humboldt Redwood;
Distribution area: distributed in the US Pacific Coast, California and Oregon;
Appearance: the wood grain is generally straight, the texture is fine or rough; the heartwood is reddish or dark reddish brown, the sapwood is nearly white; the annual ring is very obvious;
Physical properties: light weight, soft, low bending strength and compressive strength; low seismic performance, moderate toughness; poor steam bending performance; excellent corrosion resistance, good durability (not easily deformed);
Processing performance: manual or mechanical tools are easy to process, but breakage during processing, good turning performance; nails and opening are easy, but the nail performance is not good; the adhesive performance is very satisfactory; the coloring performance is excellent. And not easy to fade;
Uses: Mainly used in building construction (outer wall panels, sashes, doors, decorative panels, etc.), also used in barrels, silos materials, fences, decks, outdoor facilities, boxes, crates, crafts, turning products , wooden shingles and rigs.

North American spruce, North American spruce (Picea sitchensis) is also rare, accounting for only 5% of coastal forest areas. It is the tallest of the spruce trees and can grow up to 60 meters in height and up to 180 centimeters in diameter. The wood is light in weight, light in color and high in strength. Uncontaminated North American spruce is commonly used to make marine products such as masts, sails, deck beams, as well as escalators and industrial equipment. Among these uses, the higher intensity-to-weight ratio of North American spruce is critical. High-grade North American spruce can also be used to make musical instruments, such as piano soundboards and ancient ones, because its long fibers have good resonance characteristics. The material is also used for fine interior decoration, such as sliding screens, wooden lines, blockboards, wooden trims, etc., especially when the light-colored or even colored wood grain surface is needed, the North American spruce can show its strengths. . Building-grade North American spruce is commonly used in general buildings.

Bay Spruce (Sitka Spruce)
Name: Bay Spruce (Western Spruce) (scientific name: Picea sitchensis);
Type: cork;
Alias: Coast Spruce, Tideland Spruce, Menzies Spruce, Silver Spruce, and Yellow Spruce;
Distribution area: the United States, Canada, the North Pacific coast;
Appearance: usually flat wood grain, uniform texture (but sometimes spiral), fine and neat structure; heartwood is light reddish brown, sapwood is milky white;
Physical properties: light weight, soft, low seismic performance, moderate toughness; good steam bending performance, good durability (not easy to warp and deform), low corrosion resistance, medium to low strength, but high strength/weight;
Processability: Good performance by hand or machine tool, good turning performance; no need to fill the pores with filler before opening and opening, and good nail holding performance; it is the most easy to cut, glue and surface treatment of wood one;
Uses: Wide range of uses, including: boxes, crates, wooden shovel, conventional engineering, mill tools (floor, siding, paneling, sash, door), music facilities (especially silencers), furniture (mainly For hidden parts), cabinetry, aviation, rigs, open-air seats, wooden barrels, stair railings, wooden tools, crafts and plywood.

European Yew (European Yew)
Name: European yew (scientific name: Taxus baccata);
Type: cork;
Alias: Yew, Common Yew, and Yewtree;
Distribution area: Europe, South Asia and North Africa;
Appearance: usually flat wood grain, sometimes curly and irregular, uniform texture, medium porosity; narrow sapwood, light white, heart-shaped orange-brown, reddish-brown or purple-brown, growing with age and under the influence of light Will turn golden brown;
Physical properties: medium weight, hard material, medium strength; low toughness, shock resistance, excellent steam bending performance; good durability and good corrosion resistance;
Machinability: The performance of manual or mechanical tool processing is better, but irregular texture and knots may cause trouble; the turning performance is very good, the filler needs to be filled with pores before opening and nailing; due to the natural resin, it will affect the glue. Viscous effect; satisfactory lacquering performance, sanding and polishing to obtain a beautiful and smooth surface;
Uses: Turning products, engraving, bows and other components that have certain requirements on bending strength (such as Windsor Chair, a thin bone chair popular in the 18th century in the United States and the United States), also used in park facilities, imitation furniture, fine wood furniture , connecting wooden members, columns, panels and decorative veneers.

Pacific Yew
Name: Pacific yew (scientific name: Taxus brevifolia);
Type: cork;
Alias: Yew, Western Yew;
Distribution area: Western Canada, the United States;
Appearance: the texture is even and fine; the heartwood is bright orange or rose red, and the sapwood is light yellow;
Physical properties: heavy, hard, high strength; good toughness, good seismic performance, good steam bending performance; high corrosion resistance and good durability;
Machining performance: good general processing performance, excellent turning performance, but chipping may occur; sawdust and noise generated by sawing may be unpleasant; the performance of opening and nailing is good, but it is recommended to fill the pores with filler in advance. Avoid cracking; a smooth surface can be obtained after treatment, although the effect of the paint will make the heart material appear chocolate brown;
Uses: Turning products, bows and other parts that have certain requirements for bending strength, and also used for boat paddles, carvings, crafts, musical instruments and panels.
Remarks: Wood is a relatively short supply.

Cork and yellow cypress, also known as yellow pine, is a relatively rare species of trees, accounting for only 5% of coastal forests. Its tree is medium in size and grows slowly. The tree can be up to 30 meters high and up to 90 cm in diameter. The wood is light yellow, non-resin, fine texture and uniform texture, and has good machinability.
Cork is unique, its high strength, high density and high hardness are comparable to hemlock-fir, and it has the natural durability and stability characteristics of western red cedar, combined with its beautiful natural appearance and excellent texture, making it It is considered a top choice for many appearances and structural uses. Its uncontaminated and processed materials are often used for high-quality specialized buildings such as temples, open-air columns and beams, as well as paneling, blockboards, interior furniture, etc. to highlight their beautiful natural appearance. Building-grade cork is often used in places with high humidity, such as reservoir covers, swimming pools and bottom planks, because chemically treated products cannot be used in these areas. Due to its durability and hardness, Cork is also useful outdoors, such as platform paving, seats and benches.

Incense-Cedar
Name: Cypress (scientific name: Libocedrus decurrens);
Type: cork;
Alias: Pencil Cedar and California Ford Inc. (Californina Incense-cedar);
Distribution area: Northwestern United States;
Appearance: the wood grain is straight, the texture is even, the wood grain is moderately spaced; the heartwood is light brown, often mixed with red, and the sapwood is nearly white;
Physical properties: light and soft material; medium to low strength; low hardness and shock resistance; very good corrosion resistance and extremely durable;
Processing performance: easy to use mechanical and hand tools, can be easily carried out multiple times, cut, planed, chiseled, drilled; glue, shovel, nail, color performance is very good, can be well sanded s surface;
Uses: pencils, sculptures, louvers, cabinets, toys, stakes, pillars, shingles, railway sleepers, wooden tools, wood ornaments, mill utensils, crafts and splints.

Alaska Cedar
Name: Alaska flower cypress (scientific name: Gossweilerodendron balsamiferum);
Type: cork;
Alias: Alaska yellow cedar (Alaska yellow-cedar), yellow cedar (Yellow-ceda), Nootka false cypress, Yellow cypress, Alaska cypress, Sitka cypress, juniper white (White cedar);
Distribution area: North Pacific coast of the North Pacific;
Appearance: The structure is fine and well-balanced, and the texture is straight. The heartwood is light yellow and the sapwood is nearly white, which is difficult to distinguish between the two;
Physical properties: lighter material, medium strength and hardness; low compressive strength, corrosion resistance, easy to shrink;
Processing performance: easy to carry out manual or mechanical processing; very suitable for rotation, engraving, boring, good adhesive performance, good nail holding performance; easy to dye, can obtain a better surface after sanding and polishing;
Uses: indoor and outdoor panels, furniture, joinery, turning products, carving, shipbuilding (deck, fence, paneling), marine piling, pillars, crafts, engineering models, shingles, cladding, doors and decorative veneers. It is also used in battery separators due to its high acid resistance.

African Cypress
Name: African cedar (scientific name: Cupressus spp.);
Type: cork;
Alias: Cypress;
Distribution area: There are many types, concentrated in the Mediterranean coast, Australia, California, Asia Minor;
Appearance: the wood grain is straight, the texture is even and fine; the heartwood is orange or peach brown, and the sapwood color is lighter;
Physical properties: light weight; medium or low strength and toughness range; general seismic performance; good durability and good corrosion resistance; not suitable for steam bending treatment;
Processing performance: easy to process, but the knot may increase the difficulty, to prepare for the prevention of end fragmentation; good performance in opening and nailing; easy to glue, random sanding treatment can obtain a satisfactory surface; It is an ideal material for outdoor engineering construction where wood is required to be in direct contact with the land;
Uses: fine wood processing, shipbuilding; boxes, cabinet linings and complete sets of furniture.
Remarks: This tree species tends to have more knots.

Port-Orford Cedar
Name: American cypress (scientific name: Chamaecyparis lawsoniana);
Type: cork;
Alias: Port Orford White Cedar, White Cedar (White Cedar), Oregon cedar (Oregon Cedar), cypress (False Cypress) and Lawson cypress (Lawson Cypress);
Distribution area: mainly distributed on the North Pacific coast of the United States, also growing in Asia, Europe and New Zealand;
Appearance: Straight wood grain, uniform texture, medium and coarse structure; the heartwood is light yellowish white or light yellowish brown, and the sapwood is light yellowish white;
Physical properties: light weight, medium hardness, medium toughness; medium strength, low seismic performance; good resistance to acid corrosion and corrosion; good durability, not easy to warp and deform, but poor steam bending performance;
Processing performance: Handmade and mechanical tools have good processing performance, especially suitable for turning and engraving. It is an ideal wood for wood processors. It has good adhesive properties, easy to open and nail, and the performance of coloring and painting. Very good, treated to obtain an excellent surface;
Uses: insect-resistant boxes and cabinets, cabinets, arrow rods, barrels, acid battery insulation boards, wooden tools, crafts, rigs, mills, decks, shingles, pillars, piles, bats, furniture and panel.
Remarks: Has a very unique ginger smell.

Atlantic White-Cedar
Name: Atlantic cypress (scientific name: Juglans nigra);
Type: cork;
Alias: White Cedar, Southern White Cedar, Swamp Cedar, Chilopsis, False Cypress;
Distribution area: the eastern half of the United States;
Appearance: usually flat wood grain, uniform and fine texture; heartwood light brown, mixed with red or pink, sapwood nearly white; with resin and unique cedar breath;
Physical properties: light weight, soft, low toughness, strength and shock resistance; poor steam bending performance; good durability (not easy to warp and deform), good corrosion resistance;
Processability: Turning, engraving and general processing with mechanical or hand tools; good performance in opening and nailing; satisfactory performance in coloring, painting and surface treatment, but resin may cause processing difficulties;
Uses: pillars, stakes, fences, shingles, mill utensils, boxes, crates, liquid containers, rigs and a variety of outdoor facilities.

North American Cedar (Northern White-Cedar)
Name: North American Cedar (scientific name: Thuja occidentalis);
Type: cork;
Alias: Eastern White-cedar, Northern Cedar, Arborvitae, and White Cedar;
Distribution area: East half of Canada, United States;
外观:通常为平直木纹,纹理细密均匀;心材为统一的草褐色,边材近白色;
物理性能:材质轻、柔软,韧性、强度和抗震性能低;蒸汽弯曲性能差;耐用性好(不易变形),抗腐蚀性好;
加工性能:手工或机械工具加工性能良好;开榫、钉钉容易,但握钉性能不佳;胶粘、上漆、上色和其它的表面处理性能令人满意;
用途:柱子、木桩、栅栏、木瓦、磨坊用具、盒具、板条箱、液体容器、船具和多种室外设施。由于其木质特别轻,在制做渔具(如浮标、假鱼饵)方面应用较广。
备注:与大西洋花柏较为类似,但材质更轻,树脂含量较少,更脆一些。

楠木樟科,或写作木冉(为一字),种类很多,常用于建筑及家具的主要是雅楠和紫楠。前者为常绿大乔木,产于四川雅安、灌县一带;后者别名金丝楠,产浙江、安徽、江西及江苏南部。
The color of Nanmu is light and elegant, with small deformation and deformation, easy processing and resistance to decay. It is the best kind of soft wood.此外,楠木尤多"满面葡萄"的结瘿,其花纹细密瑰丽,精美异常。明式家具中用在显著部位的瘿木,多数为楠木瘿子。
楠木种类颇多。《博物要览》载"楠木有三种,一曰香楠,又名紫楠;二曰金丝楠;三曰水楠。南方者多香楠,木微紫而轻香,纹美。金丝者出川涧中,木纹有金丝,向明视之,白烁可爱。楠木之至美者,向阳得或结成人物山水之纹。水楠色清而木质松,如水杨之类,惟可做桌凳之类"。传说水不能浸,蚁不能穴,南方人多用做棺木或牌匾。宫殿及重要建筑之栋梁必用楠木,器具除做几案桌椅之外,主要用伏箱柜。
在明代时,凡宫殿及重要建筑,其栋梁必用楠木。故明代采办楠木之官吏,络绎于途。清代因此举太过劳民伤财,便改用满洲黄松。所以今天北京的建筑中楠木与黄松参半。

樟木樟木因木理多纹成章,故名。为常绿乔木,产于我国东南沿海及湘黔等地,尤以台湾、福建居多。木材纹理甚细,香气袭人,能避虫害,但较易爆裂。 Its value is lower than that of Nanmu.自古以来,樟木是制作箱、匣、柜、橱等家具以及雕刻的理想材料。

梓木紫葳科,落叶乔木,我国最古最普遍的高级家具用材。宋陆佃《埤雅释木》篇称:"梓为百木长,故呼木王"。古时五亩之宅皆植桑梓,桑为蚕食,梓做器用,故古称乡里为桑梓;木器为梓;建筑师和木工为梓人、梓匠。梓木呈红褐色,质地轻软,除可用于家具外,也可供刻书印刷,是以书稿付印又称"付梓"。近代以来出土的一些商周木器如箱盒、棺木等,大多用梓木制作。

楷木又称黄连木,漆树科,落叶乔木,冀、鲁、豫、陕及台湾等地均有出产。相传山东曲阜孔陵,有孔子学生子贡手植的楷木,因其质直,故书法上称正书为楷书。楷木边材呈淡赤褐,心材暗绿褐,年轮明显,质地紧密坚韧,刨之有明丽光泽,是家具制作的良材。

桐木有玄参科泡桐、大戟科油桐及梧桐科的梧桐等多种。其材质轻、松、防虫性较好,心材呈白色、淡黄或褐色,变形很小,古时多用于制作乐器、木屐和箱、柜等家具。

椿木楝科,落叶乔木,有香椿、臭椿之别,香椿的嫩叶可食。椿木原产于我国华北至南方间,木材稍带红色,质地通直细致,变形较小,刨之光滑如镜,是家具制作的上好材料。


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