The printing process is actually the process of transferring the image information of the original image in various printing input and output devices. How to achieve the maximum compatibility between the input and output of information from the original information in the printing input and output devices Sexuality and consistency, that is to ensure the accuracy of information transmission as possible, to achieve the best copy faithful to the original.
If the printed manuscript is to be copied, the color separation must be carried out first. The current color separation technology has evolved from the traditional photo color separation and electronic color separation to the current desktop publishing system.
The color printing and printing process of the desktop publishing system is essentially the process of converting and transmitting the original graphic color information in various devices and different color spaces, so that the color can be restored. The color reproduction depends on the device that produces it, but in the integrated environment of the desktop publishing system, since each device has a different color gamut and color characteristics, the precise control and transmission of graphic color information in the desktop publishing system This is especially difficult. What you see is the ultimate goal of manuscript copying. To achieve this goal, you must implement effective color management independent of the device in the desktop publishing system to ensure the compatibility of signal input and output between devices, reduce and compensate for the equipment. The influence of the difference of color characteristics and the different color modes on the color information, so that the color distortion of the image and text color data information is converted and transferred between different color spaces and devices with different color characteristics to minimize the color distortion, to ensure that the color of the same screen The effects shown in the display to the output match as closely as possible, so that the color of the copy and the original are in harmony.
To do color management in desktop publishing systems, the key is to handle the unified color space, device system characterization, and color conversion.
Guarantee the unity of color model and color space
In desktop publishing systems, color reproduction often involves three color modes: RGB, CMYK, and Lab. RGB is the color mode of colored light. It consists of three channels of red, green and blue. In this mode, other colors are formed by the superposition of these three primary colors. Since all three colors have 256 brightness levels, the three-color superposition can form 16.7 million colors. In desktop publishing systems, input and display devices such as scanners, digital cameras, and monitors rely on this model to express color. When sunlight shines on an object, the object absorbs part of the light and reflects other light. The reflected light is the color of the object we see, which is a subtractive color mode. Relying on this subtractive color method, the CMYK mode suitable for printing and printing has evolved. In practice, these three colors of ink are difficult to superimpose true black, so black is introduced during printing and printing to strengthen the dark tone and deepen the dark part of the color. Although the color defined by this color mode is much less than that defined by RGB, that is, the color space is much smaller, the output devices such as imagesetters, printers, and proofers in desktop color prepress systems rely on this mode To reproduce color. Lab mode is a color mode developed by CIE (International Commission on Lighting). Any color in nature can be expressed in Lab space, and its color space is larger than RGB space. In addition, this mode is a digital way to describe human visual perception, has nothing to do with the device, so it makes up for the lack of RGB and CMYK mode must rely on the color characteristics of the device.
Because the color space of Lab is larger than that of RGB mode and CMYK mode. This means that the color information that RGB and CMYK can describe can be mapped in Lab space. Therefore, in the color management of the desktop publishing system, if all the color conversion and color correction operations are completed based on the Lab space, when the color data is converted from the Lab space to the RGB or CMYK space, there will be no color caused by insufficient data. deviation. It can be seen that in the color management, to make the color space uniform, the Lab mode that is independent of the device and has a large color space should be the benchmark.
In summary, in the pre-press production process, we should store the color information obtained by the scanner and digital camera working in RGB mode in Lab mode, and perform color editing and correction in the Lab color space. Convert to CMYK space when printing or filming. This is the best solution for color processing. Because printers and imagesetters express colors in CMYK mode, in actual operations, many operators are also used to editing and correcting colors in CMYK space. This approach is undesirable because it will cause color loss, and operating in CMYK will also slow down the operation speed of the slave computer.
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